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tv   America Tonight  Al Jazeera  June 24, 2014 12:00am-1:01am EDT

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>> on "america tonight": egypt's injustice. harsh sentences on journalists, growing reports on human rights violations. the world's top diplomats express outrage. but does the u.s. have any power to stop them? also tonight, among the lush mississippi delta, bank branches dry up. >> i go to one payday loan i had to go get money there, i had to go to another payday loan to
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keep up with the payments from the other payday loan. it kept going and going and going. >> sarah hoye tonight on the income deserts. and the struggle to save them. and the world cup. >> they offer boots, they offer jerseys. they go to the dad and mom and they ask what do you need? do you need a house, do you need a car and they start buying off the parents. >> young talent, big opportunity opportunity. correspondent christof putzel in rio, how the next pele might be lured off of the pitch. good evening, thanks for joining us, i'm joie chen. we begin tonight by considering
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how much american power, money or even moral authority can influence events. particularly in the fractious mid east where secretary of state john kerry is on a mission to bring greater stability. this iraq of course mr. kerry is talking about more inclusive government. we'll detail that shortly. but the first stop. the secretary of state stop for human rights. he found a polite ear but very soon after his departure the egyptian court handed down a sentence for three of our al jazeera journalists. about egyptian ties, here is correspondent adam may. >> for 177 days they waited for this moment. peter greste, is insistenced to
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seven years in -- is sentenced to seven years in prison. expwhrr but a guilty verdict is something -- >> reporter: but afully verdict is something no one was prepared for. >> for nothing they give him seven years? >> seven years for peter greste, and five other defendants not present. my god. finish. >> that's crazy. >> peter greste, mohamed fahmy and baher mohamed were accused of supporting muslim brotherhood and supporting false news. six other al jazeera journalists tried in their absence were also sentenced to ten years. among them correspondent sue turtin. >> to be frank, stories we were doing in cairo, which they were look at, were very run of the mill. >> controversial moves by the military backed government in
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cairo. since taking power last july at least 16,000 people have been arrested in what's described as an open crack down on dissent. >> it's a chilling and draconian result, sad to see in the midst of egypt's transition. >> what to do about egypt since former president mohamed morsi was ousted last summer. the u.s. sends approximately $1.3 billion in military aid to egypt each year. but that kind of money isn't what i.t. used to be. in 1979 when egypt signed a peace deal with israel, its budget was $1.3 million. that means the united states was financing about three quarters of jeement' egypt's military op. today egypt's military budget is
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around $4 billion of which the u.s. only pays about one-third. the rest of financed by the army's own business interests including factories, hotel resorts and farms. and since taking back power it's also collected more than $8 billion in aid from saudi arabia, and the uae. in a region where loin alliancee more important than ever, the united states may not have as much leverage as it once did. but the white house is still calling on president al-sisi to pardon the three. >> we call on the egyptian government to pardon these individuals so they can be released immediately. we call on president al-sisi to provide protections for free expression and assembly as well as the fair trial safeguards that are required by egypt's international obligations. >> adam may, al jazeera. >> not just free speech rights we're talking about.
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the cairo government face allegations of broader issues. obviously at al jazeera we are very tentativ attentive of our al jazeera colleagues just doing their jobs. this applies to a broad swath of not only journalists but other speakers. >> tens of thousands of people arrested and in detention. talking about many, many trials. there were other trials today for instance in egypt that resulted in mass sentences. the al jazeera trial is the one we know about because you had diplomats there at every hearing, you had international media beyond al jazeera there. so it's the most scrutinized of all trials. yet despite that scrutiny, despite the close watch, despite the fact that john kerry was there with mr. al-sisi we got this retched verdict and retched
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sentences today. >> very harsh fre top of the scale what was expected. as you see, secretary kerry did go, and got a polite ear. but the sentences were immediately handed down. what does it say about mr. kerry's ability to convince? >> this was a court, okay? and i don't believe for a minute that mr. al-sisi called the judge and says, here's the sentence i want. but first of all al-sisi and company have been responsible for creating this hypernationallist hysteria about the muslim brotherhood and how awful the muslim brotherhood is. many of the judges who have always seen themselves as kind of a safeguard of the state, many of them have been i think kind of caught up in this hysteria. that's part of what's going on. >> there is concern about dark sites, prisons within egypt that are committing other human rights abuses against other
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suspects as well. >> well you know when people are taken away and you don't know where they are and their families can't reach them, when lawyers can't reach them. that's when we're concerned about that kind of treatment. >> you've seen testimony to that effect. >> we've seen that testimony, that's right, we've seen that. when you have people held incommunicado, basically, that's when you have to worry about terror. the communications that people have been able to send out of their treatment and very, very worried about -- this has been endemic under mubarak, under the generals and now under sisi. >> thank you general stork from human rights watch. >> thank you. >> on secretary kerry primary mission this trip, easing the tensions in iraq, i.s.i.l.
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captured three border crossings between syria and iraq. meeting with iraqi leaders mr. kerry vowed sustained american support of iraqi forces unless a more conclusive government is formed. promised to give them immunity from prosecution. imran khan reports from baghdad. >> part of a u.s. push to bring an end to the crisis, kerry met with key leaders including nouri al-maliki. but his key push to form for a new government which has still not come before since elections were held on april 30th. >> i.s.i.l. is not as it claims fighting on behalf of sunnis. i.s.i.l. is not fighting for a stronger iraq. quite the contrary. i.s.i.l. is fighting to divide iraq. and to destroy
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iraq. so this is a critical moment for iraq's future. it is a moment of decision for iraq's leaders and it's a moment of great urgency. >> reporter: many here will have listened to the u.s. secretary of state's words looking for clues that the u.s. is frustrated with prime minister nouri al-maliki. certainly sunni muslims have been outspoken, but kerry's words were diplomatic and that won't satisfy the prime minister's critics. in particular sunni tribal sheiks are frustrated with maliki and want a government that is more inclusive. >> the rights of sunnis must be given back and you know, after that we can't accept something called a central government. >> meanwhile gun fights breaking out between the islamic state of iraq and the levant fighters and iraqi troops in
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baquba. the i.s.i.l. offensive also continues on the border, take a checkpoint on the way to jordan. and the government denied they lost control of it. iraqis displaced, continuing to flee the northwestern town of mosul in the control of the rebels. this time the rebel fighters spark the exodus. >> we have been here for seven days but those who came said they were bombed from the air. especially today it was very heavy with exploded gas cylinders. i haven't seen it myself. they are throwing these gation gas cylinders or families. >> politician he say it was the u.s. invasion of iraq that led to this point today. groups like i.s.i.l. and al qaeda didn't have a presence in the country. imran khan, al jazeera, baghdad.
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a week away july 1st, rick brennan is a career army officer, senior analyst with the rand corporation now. he worked in iraq over the last decade so you're quite familiar with all the players around this. and we were talking about as we heard the voices today, a little different than last week, less of a conversation about maliki must go, that doesn't mean they've necessarily changed their view all the parties. >> i believe they still want maliki to go but they have to keep a low key about it and keep things behind the scenes. >> ask there a reality ambition here? >> there really is, the reality is that at this current point he also has a situation where everybody wants to get rid of him even in iraq. we're getting to a point where there's a stays is and we're likely -- stasis and we're about to play out.
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>> in terms of the territory it's already taken control of, this is pretty significant. >> it's mazing how fast it's taken place. but the important part is just to remember it's not just i.s.i.s. it's the sunni militants, and the tribes. what they've done in the last couple of weeks has been remarkable. >> also we see the divisions taking place, in addition the ambitions that i.s.i.l. has telegraphed, i.s.i.s. you mentioned, people use these terms interchangeably but i.s.i.l, we use, ambitious for allot of areas. >> syria to iraq, it is an enormous ambition to create an islamic state. >> when you talk about the future of these states, right now we already have a situation where kurdistan, kurds have taken greater control quite izly in kirkuk and so forth.
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divisions down the line here? >> i think there's a concern what we're seeing is the first steps of the disintegration of the state of iraq. with the kurdish movement to the historic home lands and the gains that i.s.i.l. has made, we're really seeing kind of the redivision of iraq going to where they were prior to world war i. >> is this now all inevitable? whatever we see as the need for a unified government going into next week, are we looking at inevitable division? >> i don't know that it's inevitable, but every day it passes and once the gains solidify it will be harder and harder to turn them back. >> now as secretary kerry moves through middle east and tries to bring this together, what is his best avenue, best level of persuasion here? >> working with the allies in the region, our friends the saudis the quaidis and the turks --
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>> and not so friendly iranians? >> and the not so friendly iranians, to give it enough time for the political process to take place. to move, i wouldn't say it's a national unity government because we already had that but unless we get to a national government unification we're never going to have this. >> thank you for being here. >> thank you. >> after the break. at a loss. the life blood of a community dried up. >> when you put your money in a bank over ten years you expect them to at least give you a loan for a home that you really need. and you know they will get their money back. but they never did. >> what it means to live in a bank desert and why one financial disaster creates another. and later in the program: bodies on the border. life and death choices on the dangerous trek north. there's more to it. the high stakes of undocumented migrants.
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>> hundreds of days in detention. >> al jazeera rejects all the charges and demands immediate release. >> thousands calling for their freedom. >> it's a clear violation of their human rights. >> we have strongly urged the government to release those journalists. >> journalism is not a crime.
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only on al jazeera america. real reporting that brings you the world. >> this is a pretty dangerous trip. >> security in beirut is tight. >> more reporters. >> they don't have the resources to take the fight to al shabaab. >> more bureaus, more stories. >> this is where the typhoon came ashore. giving you a real global perspective like no other can. >> al jazeera, nairobi. >> on the turkey-syria border. >> venezuela. >> beijing. >> kabul. >> hong kong. >> ukraine. >> the artic. real reporting from around the world. this is what we do. al jazeera america. >> here's a problem you might not have considered. nationwide about two-thirds of the bank branches have shut down since the recession. bank deserts leave residents without many options.
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many have to rely on pawn shops or payday lenders to do their banking. as sarah hoye reports, it's trapping us in a cycle of debt. >> like the river it sits on it's rich in history. >> when i was a little girl, you used to walk down washington street and there would be a store, the whole block would be full of stores, full of people. we had a factory on every corner. we have none now. when you go on washington avenue you would think that the town is deserted. >> reporter: linda white was born and raised here. over the years she says factory after factory went down river with the recession dealing the final blow. >> they are all depleted, all gone. the people that were here that long ago are gone. >> reporter: in several cities across mississippi residents struggle to find goods and
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services, including banks. instead of grocery stores are banks nearby payday lenders pepper the street. , rely on shops to make ends meet, where the real cost is written in fine print. >> many of us cannot afford to inherent the fees that come with places. when you go outside of a traditional bank and you go to a payday lending, fees that you will incur will be quite significant. >> reporter: in the past five years more than 1800 bank branches have closed nationwide, with 93% of those in low income neighborhoods. overall, more than 68 million americans live in so-called bank deserts. divined by the u.s -- defined by the u.s. postal services as communities with one bank or less. for white a working mother of three that meant fewer options
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for help buying her first home. >> i wanted a home, i had worked for so long, over 20 to 25 years. hi worked in greenville mississippi doing every type of job that was capability for me to do. >> the bank told white she was not capable to afford a mortgage. >> i went through nights thinking about it and i even had my own money, you know. i wasn't destitute. i had money and i had been a member of a bank over ten years. i mean when you put your money in a bank over ten years you expect them to at least give you a loan for a home that you really need, and you know they will get their money back. but they never did. >> ladies. >> hello. >> how's it going? >> bill bynum, ceo of hope credit union centered in jackson is
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working to fill the gap. >> not because banks weren't profitable but not profitable for their business model. >> hope, a cooperative managed by its customers opened in 1994 inside a church basement. the goal, improve lives in the most depressed region. >> we think those lives are very important. we have been the able to go in and meet the needs and stabilize those communities. >> leading the nation in poverty mississippi faces an especially difficult battle. >> i would like in the current state of our older neighborhoods to the red line. we call it the broken window syndrome. where there's a broken window because someone moved out. then you have abandoned dogs running around. then you have overgrown weeds and you can just see the life of the neighborhood being accident
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happened out. and people who have -- zapped out. people who have the least amount of choices will stay. >> with 30,000 members and 200 million of assets bynum is trying to reverse that through deep south. >> it is hard to avoid the connection between race and poverty and as the country becomes more diverse, it's even more important that we take steps to try to address those issues. and we believe that access to capital, access to financial services is an important piece of the puzzle. >> if you could, explain to me how much were you in the hole? >> right at 28, 2800. >> like so many americans struggling with debt, for gloria warner, a native of jackson, mms -- mississippi, trouble started with a single transaction. >> that started with car
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problems. i went to one payday loan to get money there. then i went to the second to keep up with the payments of the first, and like a cycle just going and going and going. >> how bad did it get for you? >> it got so bad i felt likely i was work for take day loan instead of bills. i had to work for the payday loan, then pay bills. >> over the series of eight years, warner juggled eight payday loans from eight lenders. >> after i did the payday loans i couldn't even really buy groceries for my house. >> what is left? >> $20. >> $20? >> $20. >> warner turned to hope for help and has since paid off her payday loan debt. >> i think hope when it came in i would still be doing that same ritual thing and even though they say they offer you a way out? i just couldn't -- out, i just
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couldn't see it. >> roughly an hour along the interstate, sits the sleepy town of utika mississippi. >> the town was in total disarray. we really didn't know what we were going to do without having to travel 30 or 40 or 50 miles to a financial institution. >> jessie cilings wortjessie kie former mayor. when the only bank left for good, jessie's institution stepped in. >> when i first moved to utica, it was a hustle and bustle town. we had doctors offices and banks, a lot of things have changed. >> why is it important to have an actual bank here in the city? >> i like to make a comparison, just like fertilizer is to the
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farmer to make the plants grow, a financial institution does the same thing for the community. it provides the grease that keeps the community together and keep it a well oiled machine. >> killingsworth says the hope model is working . >> when i talked to mr. bynum, i felt i was invested in the credit union. >> it's the people's bank? >> the people's bank, the people of utica. >> hope was my last hope. >> after a decade much waiting white was still able to move into her dream home whether in jackson, utika or greenville, hope will take time. the people that hold if key to the future. >> the kind of life we lived in greefnl
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greenville a long time ago. >> so you have hope? >> i have hope. >> sarah hoye, greenville, mississippi. >> talk a little more about cycle of credit. and how it traps communities. julia malveau. listening to that lady, she said i was like working for payday loan companies. this is a cycle you have seen before? >> absolutely. payday lenders are just a bad deal. oftentimes essentially you have to pay very quickly the interest rate when you calculate it is much higher than the interest rate you'd pay on a credit card, on a bank loan or anything like that. and so it becomes very difficult to pay it back. and as she said, you go to one, you go to another, eight is pretty excessive but she's trying to get disposable cash and to pay back the payday lender.
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i would say, look at the fine print. look at what they're asking you to do. if it's reasonable do it, if it's not pass. you can use your credit card to pay an advance, there you would get a bit less, and you can roll your payments over time. what else might you do? unfortunately you might go the 30 to 50 miles to get oa bank. that's not agreat idea in some smaller towns in mississippi people actually don't have the transportation to get to a bank. the credit union is the best thing. the credit union is absolutely the best thing. people own it. your neighbors and friends are making decisions about whether or not you can pay it back. the interest rates are much lower. three to 5%. and so one of the best things is when this community says, let's have a credit union. every small community if they can't have a bank should have a credit union. >> but you know it is an opportunity for every community to have, and we talk about the payday lenders. actually one of the studies you've read is that every year
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12 million americans who do business with payday lenders take out an average of eight different loans. she wasn't all that exceptional. part of the thing that happens here is the industry makes so much money off it. in 2012 it earned $89 billion in transaction fees. at some level isn't there a responsibility for these kinds of lenders or for banks to keep some branches open in these communities? >> i think it is. the banks should keep their branches open. i think that there is some laws that are not being enforced about keeping banks open in small communities. i think that these payday lenders really need to be better legislated. they are making enormous profits. and even when you go to these folks to cash a check, closely related, are the payday lenders or check cashing places. they will charge you 3 to 15%,
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to cash a check, depending on where it is. those in middle or upper income can get into their car. those who don't have automobiles can't. and as the former mayor said, you have places that are hustling and bustling. high energy. but those can't afford to leave as the town goes down. broken windows, sewers, all of that. >> we appreciate you dr. julian malveau from economic education, all of us need more of that. appreciate your being here. coming up next, a grisly are discovery on the border. points to undocumented migrants, there's more to it. the risks of the journey. and later in the hour going for the goal and coming up short. >> the dream of my entire life. i got up into the level just before professional. i had issues with my ligaments and in a poor family is no way to pray for an operation. >> how brazil's football factory
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turns out the world's great and why the >> al jazeera america presents the system with joe berlinger >> new york city has stop and frisk >> some say these laws help serve and protect... >> we created the atmosphere that the policeman's the bad guy... >> others say these tactics are racist >> discrimination is wrong >> 99 percent of those arrested in drug free school zones... we're not near a school at all! >> are they working? >> this time i'm gonna fight it. >> the system with joe burlinger only on al jazeera america
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>> saturday, retired senator george mitchell. >> not every problem in the world is an american problem. >> shares his unique perspective on the future of america, home and abroad. >> people everywhere have certain things in common that are actually much greater than their differences. >> every saturday, join us for exclusive, revealing and surprising talks with the most interesting people of our time. talk to al jazeera, saturday, 5 eastern. only on al jazeera america. >> now a senate shot of stories making headlines on "america tonight." the last of syria's chemical
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weapon stockpile has been removed. stored in a u.s. ship at sea. but some are concerned that other chemicals like chlorine have been used inside the country. scanning social media about information on jurors. how far attorneys can go to find out information about the attitudes of potential jurors or to uncover potential juror misconduct during trials. next step for air army sergeant bowe bergdahl, now an outpaicht outpatient at fort sam houston. investigators won't interrogate him how he ended up in the hands of the taliban until his doctors approve. the surge of unaccompanied children crossing the border illegally, senator ted cruz
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toured holding facilities in texas, they demand he the u.s. government do more to stop the surge of migrant children. more than 52,000 are said to have crossed the border illegally. criminal investigation into mass graves in south texas suspected of holding remains of illegal immigrants. multiple bodies were found in a single body bag. in the same community, in texas, the dangers many mieg and find is well-known. we first brought you last fall, as rob reynolds traveled there, whose travels north ended in death. >> a corner of the sell atear in texas is set aside for the lost and the left behind. these are the graves of unknown
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migrants from mexico and central merrick, who died deaths in the mesquite texas. >> it is a senseless death. i don't really understand it. >> benny martinez is chief deputy sheriff of brooks county. >> we see the volume high on pedestrians, walkers coming through the brush. >> falfurius is an impoverished town about 70 miles from the u.s. border, but a checkpoint on the highway just south of town is the last barriers on the route to houston, dallas and beyond. human smugglers have found a way to evade the checkpoint. about ten miles from the checkpoint migrants rush out of
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the transporters vehicle and hide in the bush. then smugglers lead them on a rush through migrant company. anybody who can't keep up or is sick or hurt are left behind. they simply don't make it out of the forest alive. these photos are of corpses found on the sprawm sprawling ranches near fallfurious. >> you find them so deteriorated it's almost like a horror movie. you're missing skin. you're missing limbs or eye balls, you know. and that's a sad situation. >> in an effort to identify some of the bodies the sheriffs department oversaw the exhumation of dozens of unmarked graves. those remains were taken here to baylor university in waco where they are being examined by a
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team of forensic specialists led by dr. laurie baker. >> what information we can put together to see if we can find case reports and figure out who this individual would have been during life. >> dr. baker tries match remains with descriptions provided by family members. sometimes she's able to match dna. sometimes the team relie relies on dental records, or high tech laser scanner. this skull is in the process of being examined. >> do you know anything about who this person was thich? >> from what -- at this point? >> from what i can tell is it was a male individual and they did quite a bit of heavy lifting when they were alive. >> this was someone -- obviously someone's son, someone's >> uh-huh. >> when you hold the remains
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like that, is do you get a sense of -- >> oh absolutely. >> the tragedy involved here? >> we do. and we talk about that a lot. and it weighs heavily on you. when i first started doing this after the first i.d. i cried for a week. i knew about the woman, her mother was looking for her. she had two young daughters in mexico that she was raising by herself. she came to america because she couldn't raise them herself. she was warned, you'll probably be raped on the way. she didn't listen, she couldn't continue, she broke her ankle, and when i worked on this case i was pregnant for the first time. i cried and cried. >> do you know how many can be recovered in brooks county? >> i have no idea.
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there may be hundreds, happening all the way in these areas. it is a desolate area. it's opportunistic. if you talk to an immigrant, each one of them say they have seen at least one body, usually multiple bodies. >> that's what the immigrants told us. this is a temporary way station for immigrants deported from the u.s. many are afraid to speak openly about their experiences crossing the border. but one immigrant who asked us not to show his face, told us what he saw.
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>> he is fully aware of the dangers involved but he like every other person we spoke to at the hotel was determined to cross the border again. his wife and children are in the u.s. >> back in fallfurius, rancher feels those who cross his land include dangerous criminals. >> you always have your cell phone with you and your gun with you. you make absolutely sure that gun has got plenty of bullets in it. >> texas border volunteers patrol the area looking for migrants and alerting the border patrol if they find them. vickers is staunchly opposed to most forms of immigration reform.
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>> i'm opposed to amnesty. these people are not going to assimilate. they're going to maintain their own language, their own culture, their own way of doing things. and they're breaking us. you know, they're breaking us. they're coming in here to capitalize on our social services. some of them to find work. there's a lot of them that are coming in here for crime, and the lucrative business in crime. >> at their ranch house vickers and his wife linda keep guns and several large dogs for self protection. >> as time goes on i feel less secure. it's not -- it's no longer if i'm going to be assaulted. it's when. >> the u.s. has tightened border security in many areas. but less so in desolate and difficult regions like south texas. the idea was, forcing migrants to hazard the most dangerous routes would discourage them
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from even making the attempt. but the strategy appears to have failed. the migrants keep coming. the bother patrol declined al jazeera's request for an interview for this story. deputy martinez says he doesn't follow the debate over immigration reform in washington very closely but he says attention must be paid to what's happening here in fallfurius. >> these people here are human beings. the fact that they're someone's dad or someone's mom, cousin, brother, relative whatever the case may be they're humans. >> reform if it comes will have come too late for nameless ones resting beneelt th beneath the . >> that report from rob reynolds in fallfuriou srveg. texas. >> up next. why so many stars of the pitch
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can come from brazil and why the business of sport can lure the next generation further from home. and looking ahead to our next show, a dolphin tale, but one is considering emptying its tank. why that sea life facility will going the first to set flipper free. that story next on "america >> see then police are having stones thrown at them by the protestors >> an unpopular uprising... >> these...violations were part of a systematic tactics by venezuelan security forces >> brutal government crack downs >> the amount of anger here, you can see tensions between the two sides... >> is venezuela on the brink? fault lines al jazeera america's >> ground breaking... >> we have to get out of here... award winning investigative documentary series venezuela divided on al jazeera america
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real reporting that brings you the world. >> this is a pretty dangerous trip. >> security in beirut is tight. >> more reporters. >> they don't have the resources to take the fight to al shabaab. >> more bureaus, more stories. >> this is where the typhoon came ashore. giving you a real global perspective like no other can. >> al jazeera, nairobi. >> on the turkey-syria border. >> venezuela. >> beijing. >> kabul. >> hong kong. >> ukraine. >> the artic. real reporting from around the world. this is what we do. al jazeera america.
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>> across the world millions of young soccer players dream of one day being able to make it to the pros. but in brazil playing soccer is more than just a dream. it's an industry with recruiters and traders sometimes conspiring with parents to create the next soccer superstar. 10,000 players play abroad but in poverty what options are for players who just don't make the cut? christof putzel, on the pressures and profits driving that country's love affair with soccer. >> reporter: in brazil, soccer is more than a game. culture. in the 80 year history of the fifa world cup brazil has won more titles than any other country. ask anyone how many times brazil has won the world cup and the answer is on the tip of their tong. >> three of those wins were led
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by the legendary pele. and brazil is the only country to are qualify for the tournament. in the is up way of rio de janeiro renato de arizona azevedo is searching. >> for every 10, 11 of them want to be a professional soccer player. at least 30% of these kids will play professionally at a high level. most of the others will still find somewhere around the world to play. >> renado himself had a chance at soccer stardom but an injury cut short his soccer career. >> it was the dream of my entire life. i got into the area just before professional, i had trouble with my ligaments and in a poor family there's no way to pay for
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my operation. >> evo barbosa had lived his entire life in this neighborhood. he sees soccer as a better ticket for his sons. >> i had to start working when i was 11 so i didn't have the chance to do what my kids got to do. i was able to give them a dream. i had my time with the game and now it's their turn. >> but evo's dream is mixed with caution. >> i tell them if they get below a certain grade they're banned to go to soccer practice. what if they can't go pro? they have to have something else to fall back on. when they get famous and earn lots of money and there's women and fame, they have to keep their feet on the ground and that's what the family is for. >> they may be small but these eight-year-old proteges are already on the way to going pro. many of them have been selected
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to continue their training with one of rio's most elite soccer clubs. boda fogo. kids play here at age seven and can sign professional contracts as early as nine years old. >> by the age of 9 we are already educating them how they have to be educated. because they are different. what we try oto tell them is they -- to tell them is they need to focus on their life. sometimes you have players who are 18, 17 years old, they are head of the family, they pay the bills. >> thalts a lot of pressure david schuster that's a lot of pressure. >> too many pressure. they get burned out 18, 19. instead of looking for collection trophies, looking for a a long career, they end up looking for the money. because they need to help their parents. there's a lot of pressure in the families. whether i talk about families,
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granddad, sister, everybody, everybody is only focused on their career. >> if a kid doesn't burn out from the years of training there's plenty of extra pressure. professional soccer is a multibillion dollar industry. these young kids are potential cash machines. >> how do you explain the business of soccer to a child that is just coming in to play? >> well, the first year of contract, what happens is, 16, you have already agents, parents looking for agents, and agents all around the game looking. and they see a good player, they start it off at first, they offer boots for him, they offer jerseys, from sponsorships and then they offer -- they go to the dad and mom and they ask what do you need? you need a house? you need car? and they start buying off the parents. and that's very, very difficult for the kid because he wants
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other decisions but he's already taking care of his mom and dad. and now the agent is looking for him for a better contract. and sometimes you knew that development of the player because it's a business that's going, so big that you're developing the player but the agent is already looking for a club where he can go to, to profit. >> like coffee and sugar, soccer has become an exportable commodity for brazil. exporting all of that talent has come at a cost. >> the business men come more every day, looking for younger players and placing these kids to play there because the price is more. so today the path of these kids is the wrong path. brazil. it is what's happening here, the office.
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the businessman takes them away, they are craving a form of slavery. >> what's it like when you lose a player that you've been training to go somewhere else. >> it's a big frustration. most of the places they are going to, they're not ready to go. players who are hungry to play, they leave and that's not agood example for the players -- a good example for the players that stay here, that is jeopardizing the play. >> the kids may not make it but they are the legacy. the next pele is out there, trying to find him. christof putzel. al jazeera, rio de janeiro. >> and ahead, we think about the box, 3d real estate from an innovative dutch construction
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>> finally tonight we've been hearing a lot about that 3d printing, technology that could eventually be used to create human organs. but architects in the netherlands built something a little less ambitious. they decided to build a house. nadine baba on the first 3d printed home. >> one day, this is the way houses will be built. over the next three years they will be painstakingly creating these lifestyle models. a dutch canal house but with a difference. a three dimensional printer is making them out of bioplastics,
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derived from vegetable oils. >> the printer can print up by two by two by three and a half. it can't print the entire house but it can print the elements. east house is tested on the ground floor to make sure it's stable and safe and when that is case we can start stacking them high. happens. this is the 3d printer where the house is made piece by piece. can you tell us what you're doing? >> today we're testing some materials, based on the older materials, which includes fibers which increase the strength of the material and it helps with the printing itself by giving the material a better cooling property when it's printerring. >> 3d printing is used as diverse as firearms and human organs. but would anybody want to use this sludge to create a house?
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you'd be surprised. >> in the netherlands, we're interested in how we can print, on a global scale there's a lot of interest for people in disaster areas, can we print with a local center for instance refugee houses. >> this is still clearly a work in progress and this is what it will look like when it's finished but these visitors from australia are already sold on the concept of printing locally to cut transport cost and waste. >> we have really high cost to build in really remote locations and this might be an answer for future. and because it is so organically shaped you could do things that were sympathetic to the landscape and to the original peoples and whatnot, you know. >> human creativity will never spear frodisappears from disappear from the process but putting ingenuity into the
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process. nadine barber, al jazeera, amsterdam. "america tonight"'s adam myexamines the plight of the dolphin. if you would like more information about our stories, log on to good night, we'll have more of "america tonight," tomorrow. >> start with one issue
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ad guests on all sides of the debate. and a host willing to ask the tough questions and you'll get... the inside story ray suarez hosts inside story weekdays at 5pm et / 2pm pt only on al jazeera america >> international outrage as an egyptian judge steps three al jazeera journalists up to 10 years in prison on trumped up charges supported by no evidence. over the next hour, we'll review the decision that has shocked reporters worldwide and reactions from the white house to the united nations in an effort to free the journalists. around the world, including the violent crack downs on journalism from the middle east to china and mexico. plus, a look at how we're not blameless in the u.s.